How to deploy laravel application on AWS EC2 - ClickIT Smart Technologies

How to deploy Laravel application on AWS EC2 the right way.

Are you tired of developing your Laravel application on your localhost? Do you want to see your application in the cloud? This might sound scary at the beginning, but in this tutorial, we will cover every setup you need to follow up to deploy your app into your ec2 instance.

Learn how to scale to million users with AWS Laravel applications.

Now, let’s start deploying Laravel on AWS!

Laravel applications on the Cloud

Nowadays, Laravel is one of the most popular PHP frameworks in the world. Developers prefer to use Laravel rather than CodeIgniter, CakePHP or Yii framework because of its easy database integration, high customization, ease of development and templating, libraries and excellent documentation.

You can read our Laravel 5.6 vs Symfony 4: The Best PHP Framework Battle.

AWS offers us the best Cloud solutions and technologies to put out applications on the cloud such as RDS (Relational Database Service), EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud), S3 (Simple Storage Service, Cloudfront, AutoScaling, Classic & Application Load Balancers.
To deploy Laravel on AWS, we must have these resources ready to use:

Once we have this resources available, we can proceed to install our Laravel stack on our server.

Stack

  • Ubuntu 16.04
  • Nginx 1.14
  • PHP-7.2
  • PHP7.2-FP

Steps to deploy laravel app on AWS

1. Login to your EC2 instance.
If you don’t know how to do it, check this blog to get help!

2. Update your libraries.
Let’s update our libraries to latest packages available

Warning: if your server is new there won’t be any problem by updating libraries, if not, make sure you won’t break anything. You might update a package that is not compatible with your current stack.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade

3. Install Nginx latest version.
Before that, let’s get superuser permissions.

$ sudo su

Let’s establish a variable for nginx latest version

$ nginx=stable

Now add the repository using the previous variable.

$ add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/$nginx

Press enter to confirm this addition.

Deploy-Laravel-on-AWS-6

Now let’s update our libraries again with latest Nginx version.

$ apt-get update

And last but not least, install Nginx.

$ apt-get install nginx

Tip: Check Nginx version with the next command:

$ nginx -v

4. Install php 7.2 and php7.2-fpm
First of all, let’s install the next package.

$ apt-get install python-software-properties

Now add the repository.

$ add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php

Press enter to confirm this addition.

Now let’s update our libraries again with php7.2 version.

$ apt-get update

And finally, install php7.2 with php7.2-fpm as well.

$ apt-get install php7.2 php7.2-msql php7.2-mysql php7.2-fpm php7.2-xml php7.2-gd php7.2-opcache php7.2-mbstring

Additionally, install these libraries.

$ apt install zip unzip php7.2-zip

To verify your installation, check PHP version.

$ php -V

5. Install Laravel/Deploy your code.
In this step, you can send your app to your server using SCP, FTP or any protol you want to deploy your code. In this tutorial, Laravel will be installed from zero.

Download composer

$ curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php

Move composer to make executable.

$ mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

Let’s move to the directory where we want to install/move our Laravel.

$ cd /var/www

Now let’s install Laravel.

Note: skip this step if you already have your code.

$ composer create-project laravel/laravel test --prefer-dist

Set proper ownership for our directory.

$ chown -R www-data:www-data test/

And also set proper permissions

$ chmod -R 775 test/

6. Configure Virtual Host on Nginx.
Move to the sites-available folder on Nginx.

$ cd /etc/nginx/sites/available

Modify the default virtual host file with vim editor; the file should look like this:

server {
		listen 80 default_server;
		listen [::]:80 default_server;

		root /var/www/test/public;
		
		index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

		server_name _;

		location / {
			try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
		}

		location ~ \.php$ {
			include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
			
			# With php-fpm (or other unix sockets);
			fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
# With php-fpm (or other unix sockets);
		}
}

Now save and quit.

$ :wq

Tip: Before doing any restart on Nginx, first check Nginx syntax. If syntax is ok, then is safe to perform a restart

$ nginx -t

Now restart Nginx, to load our changes.

$ service nginx restart

Now, go to your web browser and paste your public IP and you should be able to see your Laravel App!

Deploy-Laravel-on-AWS-28

Tip: If you don’t know your public IP, you can use this command to see the IP address quickly. Also, you can go to AWS dashboard and look for your public IP.

$ curl icanhazip.com

Note: If you deployed your custom app, make sure to replace on your .env file, RDS endpoint to enable database connection.

You might also like: How to upload files to Amazon s3 using Laravel

What’s next?

Now that you’ve deployed/installed your Laravel app on AWS, you might be concerned about performance. If you want to scale up your app, you can use Auto Scaling feature to enable high availability on your application. For example, if your app reaches certain use CPU by having many visitors, another exact copy of the server will be launched. To deliver the traffic between two (or as much as needed), we can also use the AWS service Load Balancer. So both servers will be registered on the Load balancer and traffic will be split in both servers.

We help digital companies like yours to deploy web applications on AWS.

  • Implement the migration of your application in the Cloud.
  • Improve scalability and security of your infrastructure.
  • Guide your team to adopt AWS DevOps practices.

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